Three Hundred Ramayanas: Five Examples and Three. Thoughts on Translation. A. K. Ramanujan. How many Ramayanas? Three hundred? Three thousand?. When I studied history as an undergraduate in Delhi University in the mids, A.K. Ramanujan’s essay, “Three Hundred Ramayanas”. The scholarly essay by A. K. Ramanujan. “Three Hundred Ramayanas: Five Examples and Three Thoughts on Translation.’ appeared in The.

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The controversy engendered by the celebrated scholar A. Statement by Kancha Ilaiah Shepherd on the move to drop his books from the M.

The following sources provide more information on the arguments against the inclusion of the essay in the curriculum:. India’s public transportation network sorely lacks safety measures Opinion. The essay that the Delhi University does not want its history students to read.

The bhakti ideology has been seen as a reaction to brahmanical orthodoxy, but as many have pointed out, at the moment of the institutionalisation of the bhakti tradition, the dissenting element became the orthodoxy. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

However, Ramanujan considers only five tellings of Ramayana, namely, the tellings by ValmikiKambanthe Jain telling, the Thai Ramakien and the South Indian folk tellings.

Political Science syllabus at Delhi university Bangladesh: His language is neither abusive nor libellous. Archives on Winter is a state of mind in Calcutta Opinion. Finally, the crucial point that Ramanujan makes is with regard to ra,ayanas of texts: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The reason Hindutva militants attacked this essay is not difficult to understand. In the second tradition, in addition to countering, the narrative seeks to provide some alternate views ramznujan well.

Why would they conclude that? Five Examples and Three Thoughts Join hands for a common climate goal Opinion. That it is a matter of concern that popular beliefs and prevailing traditions of Hindu Culture are projected in distorted manner.

Three out of the four members of ramayanae committee stated that the essay ought to be ramanujsn by students. One of Ramanujan’s main observations in the essay is that there is no such original Ramayana and that Valmiki’s Ramayana telling is only one among many Ramayana tellings. The count of Ramayanas in the title of the essay is based on ramajujan work of Camille Bulcke [1] and it has been pointed out that it is an underestimate of the actual count.


Works based on the Ramayana. They did this by trashing the department of history and physically assaulting the head of the department.

Three hundred Ramayanas – Delhi University and the purging of Ramanujan

Difference the plural, if we continue with the Irish trouser does not necessarily mean rupture or ramayqnas, but even if it does, it would be more fruitful to read the contexts in which these were produced rather than debunk the other traditions. This valuable essay is being made available here at sacw. This action of the Academic Council attracted a lot of attention and several people viewed this as an act of unwarranted censorship.

Also in this section Pakistan: Subversions and inversions, contestations and rebuttals abound—was Ravana indeed the evil demonic figure of armanujan brahmanical imagination; did the rakshasas actually gorge on flesh and blood; was it the lust of Ravana that led to his ruin? The issue ended up in the Supreme Court which wanted the opinion of an academic expert committee.

Obviously, those who speak in the name of upholding Indian read Hindu culture lack the legacy of that which they are claiming to uphold—respect for diversity, dialogue and interpretation.

We can rule out one possibility: Then, if they so choose, they 30 teachers themselves and pass ramayajas knowledge on to others. In case anyone has missed the point, the essay in question is not a pamphlet written by a provocateur: The history department teachers, of course, refused to comply.

Sunday 27 November In fact, as many scholars have pointed out, in its earliest renderings, the Rama story is found in the Buddhist Jatakas, moral tales about the past lives of the Buddha, which narrates the story of the two sons and one daughter of the king of Ayodhya, Dasharatha, who were Rama, Lakshmana and Sita. These are obvious counter ramanujann main story and characters remain the same. The Supreme Court ordered the appointment of a four-member Academic Committee to look into the matter.


Ramanujan, while referring to the diversity and apparently contradictory element of unity in the Indian traditions, refers to an Irish joke about whether to raamanujan trousers as singular or plural: Statement by concerned citizens Bangladesh: The 5th century CE Vasudevahindi of Sanghadasa narrates the prophecy that the first child born of Ravana and Mandodari would bring about his destruction.

Hindutva seeks to re-make the diversity of Hindu narratives and practices into a uniform faith based on standardized texts.

Three hundred Ramayanas – Delhi University and the purging of Ramanujan

It seeks to demonstrate factually how the story of Rama has undergone numerous variations while being transmitted across different languages, societies, geographical regions, religions, and historical periods. The following are some of the sources that discuss the implications of the removal of the essay from the curriculum:. Ramanujan, far from being malicious about the texts he discusses, obviously loves them.

Views Read Edit View history. Public Sphere, Citizenship and Technologies of Especially when doing so would suggest, whether the academic council intended this or not, that the university ramxyanas caved in to violent intimidation.

Origin and Development Hindi. Thus, the Tamil Kamban in the 12th century CE weaves in the tapestry of bhakti, unquestioning devotion that ties the bhakta, even a fallen one at that, to the god in keeping with the Tamil alvar traditions of venerating Rama as the saviour of all and as the embodiment of grace.

Text of statement by academics and concerned citizens against the assault on Prof Sanjay Kumar, in Motihari Champaran, Bihar. D scholar at my Centre, teaching in a DU college, remarked that it was so delightful to have a paper that actually allowed you to look at culture beyond the confines of the mainstream with its emphasis on normative lenses.

Concerned citizens statement condemning the attack on classical musical expression in south India Acts of Intimidation: