ASTM B487 PDF

Image analysis software for measuring layer thickness and porosity on inconel coating samples as per ASTM B ASTM B Test Method for Measurement of Metal and Oxide Coating Thickness by. Microscopical Examination of Cross Section. This test method covers. The results stated above relate only to the specific items tested. Information and statements in this report are derived from material, information.

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For silver and gold on copper and nickel alloys and steel. Automobile door handle – copper, multilayer nickel and hard chromium plated. To verify the absence of smearing, the coating thickness should be measured and the polishing, etching, and thickness measurement repeated. Errors of several percent are not unrealistic unless the scale has been calibrated or has been certi? Swab with a fresh awtm. For nickel b87 copper coatings on aluminum and its alloys. Measurement of the image projected on b47 a ground-glass plate is usually less satisfactory because of the lack of sharpness of the image and poor legibility of the ruler when the projected image is visible.

A generally satisfactory means of calibration is to assume that the stated length of the full astmm is correct, to measure each subdivision with a? An image-splitting eyepiece is advantageous for thin coatings on rough substrate surfaces. This is especially applicable to the chemicals cited in Table X2.

For hard, brittle coatings for example oxide or chromium coatings tightly wrapping the specimen in soft aluminum foil before mounting has proved successful. The techniques sstm in this appendix are intended as guidance for metallographers not experienced in measurements of coating thickness. If abrasive particles do become embedded, they may be removed by applying a short, light hand polish with metal polish after grinding and before diamond?

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Coating Thickness ASTM B | Watson Grinding

Conversion coated aluminum part Electrical resistivity and corrosion testing. Micrograph cross-section showing nickle and copper thickness. Etches zinc, zinc-based alloys and cadmium. Aetm previous edition B — A superscript epsilon e indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.

Testing Services

Etches copper and copper alloys. Individual reprints single or multiple copies of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the above address or at phonefaxor service astm. Electroless nickel plated part – Failure analysis Understand why the electroless nickel failed by studying surface micrographs, nickel thickness distribution and also electrochemical characteristics of nickel.

For anodized aluminum alloys. This can be minimized by completing the measurement quickly and by measuring each interval twice, once from left to right and once from right to left. For nickel on copper and its alloys. If you astk that your comments have not received a fair hearing you should make your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards, at the address shown below. Etches aluminum and its alloys.

If a stage micrometer is not certi? Aluminum parts – testing the conductivity and composition Conductivity measurement using eddy current technique and also evaluation of aluminum alloy composition. The thickness of the cross section is measured with an optical microscope.

Also suitable for zinc and cadmium on steel.

NOTE 1—These techniques will be familiar b4487 experienced metallographers but some guidance is given in Section 5 b478 in Appendix X1 for less experienced operators.

It is better to overplate zinc with cadmium and vice versa. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standards and should be addressed to ASTM International Headquarters.

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Measure thickness of aluminum oxide coating. Excessive etching produces a poorly de? Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the responsible technical committee, which you may attend. Sometimes image sharpness can be improved by using monochromatic light. For determination of thickness of individual layers of multilayer coatings of nickel on steel and copper alloys; distinguishes each layer of nickel by identifying structures.

Micrograph of an automobile plated part with copper and nickel. For tin and tin alloy coatings on copper and copper alloys. Some typical etchants are described in Appendix X2.

Such a movement during the measurement can cause an erroneous measurement at moderate and high magni? Removal of coating material during surface preparation for overplating can cause a low-thickness measurement. If possible, the magni? This is usually achieved by overplating the specimen with a coating at least ?

ASTM B – Coating Thickness by Cross Section / X-Section

Automobile wheel cap – copper, multilayer nickel and hard chromium plated. Etches steel, copper, and copper alloys. Showing potential difference between semi-bright and bright nickel Showing difference in thickness of bright 4b87 semi-bright nickel layers.

Windowpane Coating thickness measurement and seal quality testing using impedance measurements. The latter has a lower precision. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights, and the risk of infringement of such rights, are entirely their own responsibility. Micrograph checking proper soldering in circuit board. Preparation of Cross Sections 6.

That is, for practical purposes, greater magni? Edge rounding can be caused by improper mounting, grinding, polishing, or etching.