For more than 2 decades beginning in , University of Vienna anatomist Eduard Pernkopf labored on his anatomical atlas, which he published as the. The first order of business is to review these two books for what they are: an anatomical atlas. As countless others have remarked since their publication over Results 1 – 12 of 35 Atlas of Topographical and Applied Human Anatomy, Vol. 2: Thorax, Abdomen and Extremities (v. 2). Oct 1, by Eduard Pernkopf and.

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What should we do about Eduard Pernkopf’s atlas?

The Visible Human Male is, after pernmopf, a rather heroic, perhaps even a noble, figure. Spiro acknowledged that current officials of the University of Vienna are attempting to recover information that has either been hidden or destroyed and trying to locate former faculty who were interned and exiled.

Thorax, Abdomen and Extremities v. Amazon Restaurants Food delivery from local restaurants.

Nazi Origins of an Anatomy Text: The Pernkopf Atlas | JAMA | JAMA Network

The work will endure despite the most comprehensive efforts to ban it. Views Read Edit View eprnkopf. Pernkopf was born on November 24,in a small village in Lower Austria. The commission stated that there was no doubt that the Viennese school of anatomy used the bodies of Nazi victims for scientific purposes and concluded that it must be assumed with considerable certainty that Pernkopf used these preparations to illustrate his atlas.


A core tenet of medical librarianship is freedom of access to information.

Volume 1, which covers the anatomy of the head and neck, is indispensable for surgeons operating in this terrain. Virginia Tech sets policy on controversial materials.

Nazi Origins of an Anatomy Text: The Pernkopf Atlas

For illustrations he made inBatke similarly dated them by stylizing the two “4”‘s as Sig Runes. English Choose a language for shopping. He taught Pernkopf topographical anatomy and in Pernkopf became his assistant.

Retrieved 27 July Having said these things, I would hasten to add that this is not a stand-alone anatomy atlas, nor is it an atlas that can be used straightaway as a guide to human cadaver dissection. The argument in favor of this position is simple: This document states that preservation and replacement efforts should ensure that balance in library materials is maintained and that controversial materials are not removed from the collections through theft, loss, mutilation, or normal wear and tear.

Not to publish the Pernkopf atlas also infringes on free speech and freedom of the press. This is not a settled question, however. These duties interrupted their artistic work. The results of a survey of academic medical libraries concerning their treatment of the Pernkopf atlas are reported, and the ethical implications of these issues as they affect the responsibilities of librarians is discussed.

Some of the scientists who were involved in bringing the activities of Pernkopf and other Nazi-era anatomists to light advocate for the atlas’ continued use. He required medical faculty to declare their ethnic lineage as either “Aryan” or “non-Aryan” and swear loyalty to Nazi leader Adolf Hitler.


With the help of other parties, Dr. A recommendation for the continued use of the Pernkopf atlas”. Such statements let library users know that their libraries do not endorse the materials they collect. In the mid s, however, when the university’s wartime practices were investigated, it was assumed that Pernkopf arranged for the bodies of nearly people executed by the Gestapo, mostly for political reasons, to serve as models for the atlas’ drawings.

He was, however, held in an Allied prison camp near Salzburg for three years.

Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. He atlaw in the Vienna Medical School inwhere he was active in a nationalistic German student fraternity. In these cases, however, the investigation was able neither to prove nor to disprove the suspicions. The issues raised for medical librarians by the Pernkopf atlas bring to the fore the conflict between censorship, long held by librarians to be unethical, and the need to uphold the ethical standards of the medical and scientific communities in the handling of scientific data and material that may be tainted by its unethical origins.

Retrieved 11 November Case Western Reserve University.

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