Arthroscopy. Nov;24(11) doi: / Epub Feb The spiral glenohumeral ligament: an open and arthroscopic. Emerg Radiol. Feb;24(1) doi: /s Epub Aug Inferior glenohumeral ligament (IGHL) complex: anatomy, injuries, . Runs laterally from the coracoid process to the humerus, covering the superior Glenohumeral Ligament and blending with the Superior Joint Capusle and.

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Extension is carried out by the latissimus dorsi and posterior fibres of the deltoid.

Anatomy and function of the glenohumeral ligaments in anterior shoulder instability.

During rotation of the arm lateral rotation stretches all three ligaments while medial rotation relaxes them. The rotator cuff muscles of the shoulder produce a high tensile force, and help to pull the head of the genohumerales into the glenoid cavity.

Significant joint spaces are:. Carpal tunnel Ulnar canal. The capsule can become inflamed and stiff, with abnormal bands of tissue adhesions growing between the joint surfaces, causing pain and restricting movement of the shoulder, a condition known as frozen shoulder or glenohumeralrs capsulitis.

The Unity of Form and Function Seventh ed. A SLAP tear superior labrum anterior to posterior is a rupture in the glenoid labrum.

Ligamentous Restraints in different Arm Positions. This page was last edited on 3 Decemberat The anatomy of the glenohumeral ligaments has been shown to be complex and variable and their function is ligaments dependent on the position of the humerus with respect to the glenoid. Joints and ligaments of the arm. The middle glenohumeral ligament provides anterior stability at 45 degrees and 60 degrees abduction whereas glenohukerales inferior glenohumeral ligament complex is the most important stabilizer against anteroinferior shoulder dislocation.


Sternoclavicular Anterior sternoclavicular Posterior sternoclavicular Interclavicular Costoclavicular. Contents Editors Categories Share Cite. The content on or accessible through Physiopedia is for informational purposes only. An injury was most likely sustained to which of the following arteries labeled in Figure A? In addition to these, the capsule is strengthened in front by two bands derived from the tendons of the Pectoralis major and Teres major respectively.

Capsule Coracohumeral Glenohumeral superior, middle, and inferior Transverse humeral Glenoid labrum. Please vote below and help us build the most advanced adaptive learning platform in medicine The complexity of this topic is appropriate for?

Clinical Updates for Medical Professionals. An appropriate surgical procedure to repair the inferior glenohumeral ligament complex after shoulder dislocation must be considered.

Glenohumeral ligaments Ligaments of glenohumeral joint Glenohumeral ligaments labelled Capsular ligament at centre. Raising the level of diagnostic certainty about SLAP gleenohumerales.

For arthroscopic visualization, 30 prospective arthroscopic clinical cases and 19 retrospective video clips of the patients who had an arthroscopic shoulder procedure with a normal subscapularis tendon, labrum, and anterior joint capsule were evaluated.


Anular Oblique ligamntos Quadrate. This joint is considered to be the most mobile and least stable joint in the body, and is the most commonly dislocated diarthoidal joint [1].

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Anteriorly translated with the arm in 90 degrees of abduction and internally rotated. The axillary space is an anatomic space between the associated muscles of the shoulder. The glenoid labrum is a ring of cartilaginous fibre pigamentos to the circumference of the cavity.

Lateral rotation is carried out by the posterior fibres of the deltoid, infraspinatus and the teres minor.

Shoulder joint – Wikipedia

The shoulder joint has liganentos very loose joint capsule known as the articular capsule of the humerus and this can sometimes allow the shoulder to dislocate. Anterior shoulder dislocation often is a result of a blow to the shoulder while the arm is in an abducted position.

Reference scapular plane is 30 degrees anterior to coronal plane.